What is acute cholecystitis?

Acute cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder. It usually happens when a gallstone blocks the cystic duct.

What are the symptoms of acute cholecystitis?

Sharp pain in the right upper part of the tummy.

Fever.

Being sick or being sick.

Sweating

Loss of appetite

Yellowing of the skin, and the whites of the eyes

Nausea, vomiting.

What should I do if I have symptoms of acute cholecystitis?

Consult your healthcare provider immediately.

Serious complications can occur if it is not treated promptly.

Your healthcare provider may ask you to go to the hospital.

How is acute cystitis diagnosed and treated?

Your healthcare provider will order blood tests, imaging.

IV fluids, Medicines to relieve pain are administered.

Surgery maybe recommended for removal of gallbladder.

How can I lower my risk of acute cholecystitis?

Eat a healthy balanced diet, cut down high cholesterol food.

Maintain normal body weight by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.

Avoid abrupt weight loss, talk to your healthcare provider to obtain gradual weight loss plan.

 

What is acute Pancreatitis?

Acute pancreatitis is a condition where the pancreas becomes inflamed (swollen) over a short period of time.

Common reasons for pancreatitis are gallstones and alcoholism

What are the symptoms of acute Pancreatitis?

Sudden severe discomfort in the center of the tummy

Feeling sick.

Diarrhea.

Fever

What should I do if I have symptoms of acute Pancreatitis?

Consult your healthcare provider immediately.

Serious complications can occur if it is not treated promptly.

Your healthcare provider may ask you to go to the hospital.

How is acute Pancreatitis diagnosed and treated?

Your healthcare provider will order blood tests, imaging.

IV fluids, Medicines to relieve pain are administered.

How can I lower my risk of acute Pancreatitis?

Eat a healthy balanced diet, cut down high cholesterol food to reduce the risk of gallbladder stone formation.

Maintain normal body weight by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.

Alcohol consumption in moderation.

Location of pancreas in the abdomen

Image result for pancreas location

 

What is gastritis?

Gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed after it's been damaged. 

Common causes are

Regularly using over the counter pain medicines like ibuprofen [NSAIDs class of medicines]

H. pylori bacterial infection.

Excessive alcohol use, cocaine use.

Stress, insomnia.

Autoimmune reaction

What are the symptoms of gastritis?

Indigestion

Burning discomfort in the pit of the stomach, gnawing sensation

Feeling sick

Feeling full after eating

What should I do if I have symptoms of gastritis?

Consult your healthcare provider.

How is gastritis diagnosed and treated?

Test for H. pylori infection with stool test, breath test.

Looking at the stomach with the camera [endoscopy]

Barium swallow

Acid lowering medicines, antibiotics based on lab results.

 

How can I lower my risk of Gastritis?

Avoid NSAIDs

Avoid alcohol, smoking.

Healthy dietary habits, daily exercise, maintain normal body weight.

Eating smaller, more frequent meals.

Avoiding foods that irritate the stomach such as spicy food, acidic or fried foods.

Stress management, sleep hygiene.

Location of Stomach in the abdomen

Image result for pancreas location

 

What is Chronic Pancreatitis?

Chronic pancreatitis is a condition where the pancreas has become permanently damaged from repeated inflammation and stops working properly.

Common cause for chronic pancreatitis is long-term alcohol abuse.

Less common causes are smoking, your own immune system attacking the pancreas, genetic, injury to the pancreas, gallstones, radiation to the abdomen.

What are the symptoms of Chronic Pancreatitis?

Intermittent severe discomfort in the center of the tummy moving to the back.

Constant dull discomfort in the center of the stomach

Loss of appetite.

Weight loss.

Nausea/vomiting.

Chronic sick feeling.

Diabetes like symptoms.

Diarrhea

What should I do if I have symptoms of Chronic Pancreatitis?

Consult your healthcare provider immediately.

How is Chronic Pancreatitis diagnosed and treated?

Your healthcare provider will order blood tests, imaging.

Sometimes biopsy is done.

Chronic pancreatitis is treated with medicines to relieve pain, injections, pancreatic enzymes supplements, diabetes treatment, surgery.

How can I lower my risk of Chronic Pancreatitis?

Avoid alcohol, smoking.

Healthy dietary habits, daily exercise, maintain normal body weight to prevent gallstone formation.

Location of pancreas in the abdomen

Image result for pancreas location

 

What is Ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is a long-term condition where the colon and rectum become inflamed.

It is a autoimmune condition, where your own immune system attacks the cells of the colon and rectum.

What are the symptoms of Ulcerative colitis?

Repeated diarrhea which may contain blood, mucus, pus

Discomfort in the abdomen (tummy)

Needing to go to the restroom to have a bowel movement repeatedly

Weight loss

During acute episodes, patients may experience joint swelling and pain, redness in the eyes, skin rash, sores in the mouth, fever, dehydration.

What should I do if I have symptoms of Ulcerative colitis?

Consult your healthcare provider.

How is Ulcerative colitis diagnosed and treated?

Your healthcare provider will perform a physical exam, Lab tests.

A procedure is done where a camera will be passed to look at the gut[Colonoscopy, Upper and lower GI Endoscopy].

Treatment is done with oral medicines to control the acute symptoms, Long-term medicines to suppress the immune system to prevent acute attacks.

Sometimes surgery is recommended in severe cases. 

What are the long-term complications of ulcerative colitis?

Damage to the bile ducts in the liver [Sclerosing cholangitis]

Risk of bowel cancer.

Stunted growth in children.

Location of abdominal organs

Image result for colon location