Birth control

 What are the different forms of birth control?

There are various forms of birth control available in the United States.

Contraceptive methods based on effectiveness?

 More than 99% effective.

Implants like Nexplanon

IUD like Mirena, Copper devices.

Tubal ligation which is permanent.

Vasectomy which is permanent.

Contraceptives that are more than 99% effective if always used correctly, but generally less than 95% effective with typical use:

Birth control injections like Depo shot

Birth control pills [combination of estrogen and Progesterone]

Progesterone only pills.

Birth control patches.

Vaginal rings.

Contraceptives that are 98% effective if used correctly:

Male condoms

Contraceptives that are 95% effective if used correctly:

Female condoms

Contraceptives that are 92 to 96% effective if used correctly

Diaphragm or with spermicide gel


Contraceptive methods depending on duration 

Intrauterine device [IUD]- 5-10 years.

Birth control implant-3 years.

Birth control injection-Every 8-12 weeks.

Vaginal ring: worn vaginally 3 out of 4 weeks

Birth control patch: 3 weeks on, 1 week off

Oral birth control pills: to be taken daily.

Male or female condoms: to be used consistently during every act of sex.


Please talk to your healthcare provider which method of contraception is appropriate and safe for you.

Your healthcare provider will determine the appropriate birth control after taking your medical history, performing a physical exam and your preferred method.


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