What is allergic rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis is inflammation of the inside of the nose caused by allergens such as pollen, dust, mold or flakes of skin from certain animals

What are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis typically causes cold-like symptoms, such as sneezing, itchiness and a blocked or runny nose.

It is triggered by exposure to the allergen.

How is allergic rhinitis diagnosed and treated?

Allergic rhinitis is diagnosed based on your symptoms. Certain tests can be done to determine the allergies.

Mild symptoms can be treated with over-the-counter Non-sedating antihistamines, and rinsing your nose with saltwater solution to keep your nose free of irritants.

If the symptoms are severe, consult a healthcare provider.

Nasal spray, oral medications can be prescribed.

What are the long-term complications of allergic rhinitis?

Untreated long-term allergic rhinitis could be to nasal polyps, ear infections, sinus infections.

Nasal polyp

Image result for allergic rhinitis nose

What is epistaxis?

It is a medical term for nosebleeds.

Why do people get nosebleeds?

Common cause are dry air and picking the nose. 

When should I see a healthcare provider?

When there is lot of blood gushing out of the nose

Difficulty breathing, Chest pain, dizziness, ooziness.

Tired, confused, pale

Continuous bleeding

After injury, surgery

If there is a known tumor or growth.

Blood thinner use.

If the symptoms of mild, what should I do?

With the right self-care, most nosebleeds can stop.

Sit or stand while bending forward slightly at the waist.

Pinch the soft area towards the bottom of the nose below the bone on both sides. Squeeze it shut for 15 minutes. Breathe from your mouth.

If you follow these steps, and your nose keeps bleeding, repeat all the steps once more. Apply pressure for a total of at least 30 minutes or 10 minutes for children. If you are still bleeding, go to the emergency room or an urgent care clinic.

Why do I get repeated nosebleeds?

Breathing dry air, Overusing nasal sprays, frequent colds, snorting drugs into the nose, clotting problems

What can I do to prevent nosebleeds?

Use a humidifier in your bedroom.

Use a saline nasal spray or gel

Avoid trauma to the inside of your nose

 Self-care nose bleed, pinching the nose

Image result for pinch nose bad odor

What is pneumonia?

Pneumonia is swelling (inflammation) of the tissue in one or both lungs. It's usually caused by a bacterial infection, but viruses, fungus, inhaling foriegn objects can cause pneumonia.

What are the symptoms of pneumonia?

Cough with phlegm

Difficulty breathing

Rapid heart beat

Fever, Sweating, shivering

Tired, unwell

Loss of appetite

Chest pain

What should I do if I have pneumonia?

Consult your healthcare provider immediately.

Stay hydrated with fluids.

Your healthcare provider will determine if you need chest x-ray, antibiotics.

Your healthcare provider will determine if you need to be hospitalized.

How can I prevent pneumonia?

Cover your cough, sneeze, discard used tissues immediately.

Frequent handwashing with soap and water.

Obtain vaccinations recommended by your healthcare provider.

Avoid smoking.

Pneumonia in the right middle lung.

Image result for pneumonia x ray

What is bronchitis?

Bronchitis is an infection of the main airways of the lungs (bronchi), causing them to become irritated and inflamed.

Bronchitis can be described as being either acute bronchitis or chronic bronchitis.

Acute bronchitis is temporary inflammation of the airways that causes a cough and mucus. It lasts up to 3 weeks.

It can affect people of all ages, but mostly happens in children under the age of 5.

It's more common in winter and often comes on after a common cold, sore throat or flu

Chronic bronchitis is a daily productive cough that lasts for 3 months of the year and for at least 2 years in a row.

What are the symptoms of acute bronchitis?

Sore throat, headache, runny nose or blocked nose, aches and pains, tiredness, cough, chest tightness.

What are the symptoms of chronic bronchitis?

Daily cough with phlegm over three months, wheezing, shortness of breath.

What should I do if I have symptoms of bronchitis?

Consult your healthcare provider.

Obtain plenty of rest. Stay hydrated with oral fluids.

Avoid smoking.

Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines.

Your healthcare provider will determine the appropriate treatment with medications, imaging, breathing test based on your health condition.

What is home oxygen therapy?

Home oxygen therapy involves breathing in air that contains more oxygen than normal from a cylinder or machine in your home.

Why should I use home oxygen?

If you have a health condition that causes low levels of oxygen in your blood, you may feel breathless and tired, particularly after walking or coughing. 

Breathing air with oxygen increases the amount of oxygen in your blood.

It helps reduce your symptoms, and makes it easier to carry out daily activities.

Oxygen therapy helps prevent brain damage, heart damage.

Who are recommended Home oxygen therapy?

Patients who have low oxygen levels, with the diagnosis of COPD, pulmonary fibrosis, heart failure, obesity related low oxygen, severe asthma, pulmonary hypertension, cystic fibrosis, conditions which affect breathing are advised oxygen therapy.

How can I obtain home oxygen?

Your healthcare provider will determine if you need Home oxygen.

Breathing test, test to measure oxygen levels are done in the healthcare providers office.

A prescription is provided to the oxygen dispensing company. 

The oxygen dispensing company will work with your health insurance to dispense home oxygen.

What are the precautions I should take with home oxygen?

Do not smoke while you're using oxygen.

Keep oxygen at least 6 feet away from flame, heater or any heating devices.

Do not use flammable liquids while using oxygen.

Do not use oil-based creams like Vaseline while using oxygen.

Ensure fire alarms and smoke detectors are working at your house.

Keep oxygen cylinders upright.

Follow instructions from the oxygen company.