What is osteoarthritis?

it is a type of arthritis which affect the joints. Arthritis is a general term which means inflammation of the joints.

Osteoarthritis is the common type. It often occurs with advanced age. Common locations are joints in the fingers, knee joints and hip joints.

The tips of the bones in the joints are covered with soft cartilage. When osteoarthritis sets in, the soft cartilage begins to break down.

The hard bones start to rub each other which cause symptoms of osteoarthritis.

What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis?

Pain in the joint.

Stiffness in the joint.

Swelling in the joint.

Popping, cracking sounds in the joint.

How is osteoarthritis diagnosed and treated?

Please see your healthcare provider if you have joint problems.

Your healthcare provider will talk to you about your symptoms, perform a physical exam.

If it is determined necessary, they will order blood tests, imaging tests.

There are many ways of treating osteoarthritis.

Medicines are prescribed to relieve your pain.

Supportive therapy is prescribed to make everyday activities easier.

In a few cases, surgery is recommended.

What can I do to improve my osteoarthritis?

Exercise: Your physical activity should include exercises to strengthen your muscles and general fitness.

With daily exercise, you are able to build up muscle, and strengthen the joints.

Exercise also is good for losing weight, improving the posture, relieving the stress, which make you feel better with the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

Talk to your healthcare provider about appropriate exercises for your condition.

Losing weight: Being overweight or obese makes arthritis worse. It puts extra pressure and strain on the joints.

Make a plan with your healthcare provider for weight loss.

Medicines for pain relief: Please talk to your healthcare provider.

Hot or cold packs

Assistive devices.

 

Osteoarthritis affecting the knee.

Image result for osteoarthritis knee